How to change a tyre in 10 simple steps

Before following our instructions on how to change a tire, make sure you are in a safe location and in a calm frame of mind, as a flat tire can be frightening.
First and foremost, never attempt to change a tire if your personal safety is at risk or if you lack the proper equipment.

The good news is that a spare wheel is the most dependable way to get back on the road if you are in a safe location, equipped with the proper tools, and feel confidence in your ability to change the wheel.

Your vehicle will come with either a space-saving spare or a full-size spare. Nonetheless, the procedure for changing a wheel is identical.

If there is no spare wheel but simply a tyre repair kit, please visit our article on tyre repair.

What equipment do you need?

change a tyre

In addition to the spare wheel, the following are required:

  • Wrench – to remove the wheel lug nuts
  • Jack – for lifting the vehicle off the ground Wheel chock – to prevent the vehicle from rolling when it has been jacked up (bricks can be used instead)
  • Wheel nut key – if locking wheel nuts are installed
  • Car owner’s manual – for reference (e.g. on jacking points)

Additionally, it may be useful to carry:

  • Torch – for nighttime employment (check batteries regularly)
  • Gloves, as the wheels will be soiled
  • Reflective jacket to increase visibility
  • Warning triangle – to inform other vehicles of an impediment or hazard
  • As a level platform to support the jack, a short plank of wood.
  • Tire pressure gauge — for verifying that a brand-new tire is properly inflated

How to change a tyre

How to change a tyre in 10 simple steps

Wheel replacement is a valuable life skill. Here’s our 10-step guide:

1. Get the car ready

  • Apply the handbrake and exit the vehicle with all occupants.
  • Take the spare wheel and required tools from the trunk.

2. Install the wheel chocks

  • Chocks prevent the vehicle from rolling while it is on a jack.
  • Place a chock on the wheel opposite the one with the puncture.
  • For instance, if your left-front tire is flat, place a wheel chock behind the right-rear wheel.
  • If the left-rear tire of your vehicle is flat, you must place a chock in front of the right-front tire.
  • If you have chocks for both the front and rear wheels, use them.
  • If you do not have a specialized chock, bricks or large rocks will suffice.

3. Remove the wheel studs

  • This is easier and safer to perform with the vehicle on the ground.
  • It may be necessary to remove a plastic wheel trim first.
  • Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise and loosen the nuts until they can be turned manually (be warned – they may be tough to loosen).
  • However, do not yet eliminate them entirely.

4. Jack up the vehicle

  • Consult your owner’s manual to determine the location of your vehicle’s jacking points.
  • Aim to put the jack alongside the vehicle, near to the flat tire.
  • A tiny wood plank placed beneath the jack will aid in its stability.
  • Raise the vehicle till the flat tire is 10 to 15 centimeters off the ground.

5. Eliminate the flat tire

  • Fully loosen and remove the wheel nuts, and then pull the tyre toward you until it is free.
  • Place it on the ground flat.

6. Install the spare wheel.

  • Warning: it is heavy to raise it off the ground to do this. Slide the spare wheel onto the protruding hub bolts or in line with the wheel nut slots.
  • Replace the wheel lug nuts and hand-tighten them.

How to change a tyre in 10 simple steps

7. Lower the vehicle and tighten the fasteners.

  • Use the jack to gently lower the vehicle until the spare tire is in contact with the ground.
  • Now, fully tighten the wheel lug nuts with the wrench.

8. Completely lower the vehicle

  • Bring the vehicle to the ground and remove the jack.
  • Consider performing a final tightness check on the wheel nuts.
  • Put the spare tire and the jack in the trunk together with the rest of your equipment.
  • If your vehicle is equipped with a space saver, the old wheel will take up extra space in the trunk.

9. Verify the pressure of the spare tire

  • If available, use a tire pressure gauge to verify that the spare tire is properly inflated.
  • Alternately, cautiously drive to a gas station and use the gauge there.
  • If necessary, inflate the tire to the recommended pressure, as specified in the owner’s manual.

10. Bring your flat tire for repair

  • Visit a garage or tyre shop immediately and give them the wheel with the puncture.
  • They will recommend whether it should be repaired or replaced.
  • Don’t use a space-saver spare wheel for any longer than strictly necessary; they’re only intended for use in an emergency.
  • If the tire cannot be repaired and you must replace it, you may find our guide to purchasing tires useful.




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